Alabama is considered a shall issue and “open carry” state, which means that most law-abiding citizens over 18 can have access to, possess, and carry a gun. There are approximately 194,920 registered weapons in Alabama alone. According to a Rand Corporation study, roughly 55.5% of adults in Alabama possess firearms in their households.

What are Alabama’s Weapon Laws?

The Alabama legislature ensures that every citizen has the fundamental right to bear arms to defend themselves and the state. (Ala. Const. Art. I, § 26). Alabama also allows open carry of firearms without a permit.

Who Is Allowed to Open Carry in Alabama?

Any resident at least 18 years old and legally entitled to own a gun can open carry. They must be a U.S. citizen and have no prior convictions for criminal violence.

Gun Reciprocity Law

Residents of Alabama are allowed to acquire a concealed handgun license by the sheriff of their county. The state does not issue carry cover permits to non-residents. However, under Alabama Code Section 13A-11-85, Alabama will acknowledge any valid out-of-state pistol permit. Concealed carry is legal for residents with an Alabama Pistol Permit.

Alabama SB308

In April of 2021, the Alabama legislature passed Senate Bill 308, creating a statewide regulated process for concealed carry permits. This bill would enact the Alabama Uniform Concealed Carry Permit Act to standardize how sheriffs can issue concealed carry permits. It also includes a statewide database of individuals prohibited from getting this permit.

Alabama Law Prohibits Carrying a Pistol In Any Vehicle

If you are a person who wants to keep their handgun in their car in Alabama, there may be some regulations. Alabama restricts the carrying of a handgun in any vehicle without a concealed handgun license.

These laws do not permit every individual to carry a firearm; the state has enacted specific regulations on the right to possess a gun.

Penalties From Alabama Gun Possession

In Alabama, it is illegal to own a gun if you:

  • Have been convicted of a felony.

  • Are of “unsound mind” or are considered a danger to yourself and others.

  • Have been convicted of a violent crime, including domestic violence

  • Are a minor.

  • Are subject to a valid protection order for domestic abuse,

  • Have an addiction problem to alcohol or drugs.

Background Checks

Alabama law requires licensed firearm dealers to perform mandatory FBI universal background checks before purchasing a gun to determine whether the applicant is eligible for gun possession.

Offenses Relating to Firearms Carrying Concealed Weapons

Under Alabama Code section § 13A-11-50, a person who carries a concealed firearm without a permit to do so shall, upon conviction, be fined, imprisoned in the county jail, or sentenced to hard labor for the county.

Contact a Birmingham Criminal Defense Attorney

Although firearm possession laws can be complicated, residents of Alabama need to use good judgment and appropriate conduct regarding defending themselves and the right to bear arms. If you have questions or concerns about Alabama’s gun laws, it’s imperative to speak to a skilled criminal defense attorney that can advocate for your rights.

Revill Law Firm aggressively defends our clients’ rights and strives to protect their freedom every step of the way. When faced with a complicated legal situation, it is crucial to obtain representation from a trusted legal professional. If you or a loved one have recently been arrested for a criminal offense, we are here for you. Contact us today at (205) 928-6544 to find out what your options are.